At this juncture the Persians believed they were forced to neutralise the Greek fleet before they could continue the fight on land at the Isthmus. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Following the Persian withdrawal from Europe and the Greek victory at Mycale, Macedon and the city-states of Ionia regained their independence. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. Lv 7. The unity created a well-balanced army that was skilled and could defeat the Persians regardless of their huge number. 1 decade ago. Tweet. The Greeks were aware that the invading force was superior in numbers and believed it was necessary to get the Persians to fight in as narrow a space as possible. Before the war began, the Persians began moving their way towards Greece. As the war progressed, however, the Greeks managed to join forces. Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones tells Melvyn Bragg the Persians lacked the drive and fervour of the Greeks in the Battle of Salamis. Greek civilization was able to … With the Persian defeat came a thriving period of time where the Greek city-states began to really flourish. 2. The Greek army defeated the Persians. This time the Persians met Greek forces made up of armies and navies from many city-states, including Athens and Sparta. The Greeks held off the Persians killing thousands, until the Persians found a way around the mountains and got behind the Greeks. Invading Greece in the summer of 480 BC, Persian troops led by Xerxes I was opposed by an alliance of Greek city-states. Greeks Defeat the Persians and Save Greek Civilization in This Epic Battle. How did they do it? What followed was a six-year conflict known as the Ionian Revolt, which took place on the western coast in Anatolia. Where did the Greeks defeat the Persians in the first invasion? Consequently, how did Greek city states come together to defeat Persia? Though the Persians ultimately won this conflict, it started to create a sense of unity a… However, on the second night a Greek traitor guided the best … In August, the Persian army met Greek troops at the pass of Thermopylae while their ships encountered the allied fleet in the Straits of Artemisium. Explanation: The Persian Wars were a series of armed conflicts between the Greek polis and the Persian Empire, in the 5th century BC. In the resulting battle, the Greeks badly defeated the enemy and forced them to flee. In 480 B.C. It was only ten years later that Xerxes, son of Darius I, organized a major invasion of Greece. C. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. Why did the Greeks beat the Persians although the Persians had masses of men. Around 522 BC, they started conquering some of the smaller Greek city-states that were located over by the Aegean Sea. Relevance. The actions of the general The Greek fleet defeated the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. At the time of the war, Greece was still divided into multiple city states, each with varying populations and degrees of military strength. 4 Thuc. The Greeks defeated the Persians in a sea battle led by Much is made of the heroic stand by Leonidas at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. It was the first time the Greeks had beaten the Persians, proving that the Persians were not invincible, and that resistance, rather than subjugation, was possible. The Persians still had more soldiers and sailors than the Greeks. Nor did the Greeks defeat the Persians at Thermopylae but they did delay them for three days. The Greeks put together a small force, led by the Spartan King Leonidas I and 300 Spartans. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. The Spartans fought to the death, killing as many Persians as they could. The Persians had a long supply line that was vulnerable to attacks. He may even have fought at Salamis, just eight years before the … By the way, the Discord is dead and will never live again. Xerxes had one thing on his mind – to succeed where Darius had failed. Get an answer for 'How did the geography of the Greek peninsula help them defeat the Persians?' Goes to show you how much training and … After battle they managed to expel the Persians in Marathon. The rest of the Persian fleet was scattered, … Through the strategy of … Answer Save. The first was the sheer tenacity of their soldiers. The Greeks did not pursue the retreating Persian army, which went on to occupy winter quarters in Thessaly. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. Many Greek city states allied and defeated Persians in land and sea battles in two separate wars. The Spartan army laid siege to the city of Athens. The Persian army and navy were too weak to win. diksha93949 diksha93949 Answer: The Greco Persian Wars(also called the Persian Wars) where a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that starts in 499Bc and lasted until 449Bc. he sent soldiers in 800 ships to attack Greece. Given Aeschylus' propensity for writing connected trilogies, the theme of divine retribution may connect the three. The Persians still had more soldiers and sailors than the Greeks. Tim D. 1 decade ago . Xerxes never forgot his father's defeat at the hands of the Greeks. 1. The Greeks decided to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, so they destroyed the only road through it and built a wall. A brief treatment of the Greco-Persian Wars follows. The Greeks held off the Persians killing thousands, until the Persians found a way around the mountains and got behind the Greeks. This army was defeated at the Battle of Platea in 479 BC. Drag the events to the correct boxes. Pushing south into Greece, the Persians were supported offshore by a large fleet. Hope you enjoy. c. defeated the Persians, even though they were badly outnumbered a. gave other Greek city-states time to prepare to fight. In conclusion the causes for the Persian defeat in Greece were set in motion by the terrible storms en route to, and the casualties inflicted during, the battle of Artemision that meant the Persians could no longer split their naval force. During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. They pretended to retreat but lured the Persian ships into the straits of Salamis, where they the Persians were defeated. D. Athens fought alone without the help of Sparta. In 500 BC, the Greeks showed the Persians that they weren’t going to allow themselves to be conquered without a fight. Relevance. In the generation before 522, the Persian kings Cyrus II and Cambyses II extended their rule from the Indus River valley to the Aegean Sea.After the defeat of the Lydian king Croesus (c. 546), the Persians gradually conquered the small Greek city-states … Answer this question. The Persian Wars were a series of armed conflicts between the Greek polis and the Persian Empire, in the 5th century BC. Initially the Persians won several battles. A. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. How did the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire? Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH, Sitz Stuttgart. King Leonidas told most of his troops to flee, but stayed behind with a small force including his 300 Spartans in order to allow the rest of the Greek army to escape. On land the Persians attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae for two days but suffered heavy losses. Athens and Sparta formed opposing alliances. How did the greeks defeat the persians? Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. Athens against Sparta. Robert Drews, The Greek Accounts of Eastern History (Washington D.C. 1973), 69-72. Before the war began, the Persians began moving their way towards Greece. Since the Athenians were victorious, this held off the Persians for about ten years before they launched another wave of attacks.Note that about 15,000 soldiers outnumbered the Athenians yet they won the battle with fewer than 200 casualties. Though both were powerful, they were still divided. Free e-mail watchdog. In 480 B.C. Another factor was that by uniting the city-states, particularly the Spartans and Athenians, it created a skilled, well balanced army that was able to defeat the Persians despite their numbers.