It’s also better to use “How are you?” when you don’t know the correspondent very well—it’s generic enough to be considered a polite (if rather meaningless) gesture. ( koh -moh bahn lahs koh -sahs) (How are things [going]?) All Rights Reserved. 40+ Colorful Spanish Physical Adjectives to Describe Anyone, Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. 1. How are you?). : plural of “¿como estás?”. when greeting your friend’s grandfather, your boss, your professor, the queen of Spain and so on. See the section on ¿Qué me cuentas? you might respond with something like: It would sound a little strange to respond with something like Bien, gracias. (informal) Finally, it’s good to expand your vocabulary because—duh!—native speakers will use these phrases when they talk to you! Those who know etymology, the study of word origins, think the word goes back to at least the 14th century, before English and Spanish existed in their current form. This is the construction you’ll want to use when talking to colleagues, higher-ups, professors, anyone much older than you or anyone you encounter in a very formal setting. (formal) I'm fine, thank you. (See above for examples.). Very similar to the last one, this phrase translates to “How’s everything going?”. That means you get to see real interactions and conversations between native Spanish speakers. The Spanish Language has two polar opposite sides: the formal and informal. Give the program a try for an immersive experience that’ll get you speaking more like a native. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. There are many ways to respond to the greeting “How are you?”, Bien, gracias. Learning alternate greetings can allow you to vary your tone to suit more formal or casual situations. In Spanish it's 'tú' and 'usted,' in French 'tu' and 'vous,' and that's just the start. So if you don’t want to worry about how formal you sound, just go with: 1- ¿Cómo estás? 3- ¿Qué tal? Again, no conjugations to worry about here. Why do some languages have both formal and informal 'you's? koh-moh ehs-tahs. The basic difference is that, with formal, we don't use tú (which is 'you' in the informal singular) or vosotros (which is 'you' in the informal plural). Luckily, in this case there are no verbs to conjugate and no indirect objects to change around—you can use this same greeting regardless of what situation you’re in. https://www.wikihow.com/Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/how%20are%20you%20(formal), https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/How%20are%20you%3F, https://www.wikihow.com/Sample/Ways-to-Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.linguajunkie.com/spanish/how-are-you-in-spanish, http://www.howdoyousay.net/english-spanish/How_are_you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/answers/207174/how-would-you-say-how-are-you, https://www.theclassroom.com/how-to-say-how-are-you-in-spanish-8422336.html, https://www.mimicmethod.com/common-spanish-phrases-to-master-your-first-conversation-with-a-native-speaker/, https://www.thoughtco.com/formal-and-informal-you-spanish-3079379, https://www.thespanishexperiment.com/learn-spanish/formal-informal, https://spanish.yourdictionary.com/spanish-language/learning-spanish/spanish-forms-of-address.html, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/atd-baycollege-spanish1/chapter/formal-vs-informal-you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/you-in-spanish, https://www.speakinglatino.com/greetings-in-spanish-infographic/, https://www.spanish.academy/blog/formal-vs-informal/, https://study.com/academy/lesson/formal-greetings-in-spanish-words-phrases.html, https://spanishtutoring.com/spanish-greetings/, How to find out if my iphone is under warranty, How to open combination lock without code, The Price of Inequality: How Toda… how to, Clay County Clerk of the Circuit Court how to. YOU FORMAL in Spanish is a grammar structure we use when talking to another person we do not speak to on a first name basis. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). البريد الإلكتروني: infoyou have in spanish email@example.com; هاتف: 5284 74 543 (+966) إحجز الأن . Formal; used when talking to someone you don’t know well ¿Cómo estás? (What’s new?). We’ve got you covered there, too! In Spain, it’s used exclusively in formal situations (like usted). Spanish distinguishes between singular and plural forms of "you." Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. This greeting translates to something like “How’s it going?” It can be used in formal or informal situations. Buenas tardes is used after midday usually until the sun goes down. - How old are you? You can, of course, also respond to any of these greetings by letting your conversation partner know how you’re actually doing. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. In Spanish there are two ways of saying "you": There's the informal form, tú and the more formal usted (often abbreviated as Ud.) This is a general rule of thumb, although it can vary a little from country to country in different cultures. ¿Qué edad tienes? Are you conducting business? Instead, we use usted (oos-TEHD), which is... How are you? Across Latin America, ustedes can be used in formal or informal situations. It is important that you inquire about a person’s well-being before beginning any type of business talk. How are you? Toggle navigation. with “Nothing much” or any variant thereof. One set is used for informal, friendly situations and the other is used to show a greater amount of respect in formal situations. ¿Cuántos años tiene tu hermana? So, depending on who you’re speaking to, you may have to slightly adjust your conjugation. In this case, to change the greeting you’ll have to change the indirect object pronoun from te to le, les or os. (Things are going well. This way of asking someone how they are is used on someone you may have just met, but do not really know that well. This greeting is quite slangy. This is a formal way of asking how someone is feeling. (If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, check out this basic guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense.). (informal) ¿Cómo van las cosas? When speaking to someone older than you or to someone you want to show your respect, you should use usted forms: This means exactly the same thing, but includes the optional pronoun tú (you). ¿Y tú? A good, appropriately casual response to this greeting would be something like Todo bien (all good) or No me quejo (can’t complain). Remember the basic difference is how intimate you are with the person. It is similar to the English “What’s up?”. This super informal greeting literally translates to “What is there?” and should only be used in very casual, friendly situations. © 2021 Enux Education Limited. It is seen as a more respectful way to address someone. The next time you have to greet someone in Spanish, move out of your comfort zone! How’s it … ¿Cómo está usted? The truth is that there are two sets of second-person pronouns in Spanish. Maybe your teacher or your language partner starts every session with “¿Cómo estás?”, And you respond, by memory, with “Bien, gracias. Please check your email for further instructions. How to say what’s your name in Spanish? However, unlike the English “What’s up?” you should not respond to ¿Qué tal? Spanish Phrase. Want to see these in action? But when you’re talking with strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to know how to give a noncommittal response like “It’s all good” or “Oh, nothing much.”. It's the reason why learning it as a second language can be beneficial in various aspects of your life. Fine, thanks. Whether you use tú or usted depends on a variety of different factors, but it can be a bit intimidating for English speakers used to addressing everybody as "you". [literally: what’s going on?]) Hola – Hello in Spanish You should use this phrase when you talk to more than one person. Context ¿Cómo está usted? A normal response would be some variant of Nada or Lo normal. Situation: Texting somebody Though, you need to pay attention to the context (formal or informal) when asking. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. Note here that contar is a stem-changing verb! FluentU brings Spanish to life with real-world videos. Translate How are you (formal). An answer like Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate. (used to address one person) a. It’s usually reserved for older people of those of authority as a sign of respect. Translate Formal. Formal commands should be used when you are talking with somebody you don't know very well or someone you want to express your respect (the elderly, your boss) or your politeness (strangers, doctors, etc). It’s also just not realistic to assume that all your Spanish conversations with native speakers will go this way. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Spanish with real-world videos. It’s the same in Spanish—different greetings sound more natural in different company. (formal) Buenos días is used in the morning until noon. Forvo is a great resource with crowd-sourced pronunciations provided by native speakers. phrase. ( koh -moh ehs- tah oos- tehd) (How are you?) Even your career can receive a boost if you learn how to speak the language. Unclear on how to pronounce any of the words in this post? Es un gusto conocerle. can take anywhere. Just like tú in the example above, these pronouns are optional and do not affect the meaning of the sentence. When responding to this, you can re-use the verb va (it goes), from the infinitive ir (to go). When you go to the Spanish-speaking world, you greet people you see for the first time, like a potential employer or business partner. It is commonly used in Nicaragua and various parts of Central America. Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” Use it when greeting two or more people at the same time. How Are You In Spanish Formal. Spanish-speakers are all over the world. This type of greeting isn’t so different in Spanish, yet if you’ve ever spent more than five minutes in a Spanish classroom, you may think you’ve already learned everything about how to say “How are you?” in Spanish that there is to know. You wouldn’t greet your best friend the same way you would greet a client, right? This is a totally fine exchange, and it’ll suffice as a simple greeting. It would be a little awkward to use this greeting in the usted form since it’s so informal—but here are all of the conjugations just in case. ¿Cómo estás? Some examples are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), regular (just okay) or terrible (terrible). I’ll bet when you talk in English, you don’t constantly repeat the phrase “How are you?” You probably change it up with phrases like “How’s it going?” or “What’s going on?” Moving beyond “How are you?” means moving beyond classroom Spanish and learning real-world Spanish. (Download). See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. koh-moh tay vah. If you’re ever unsure about a slang term, language learner forums like the ones at WordReference can be great resources. (informal) When they do, you’ll want to understand and be able to respond. Native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and it’ll make you sound much more natural. As you might have guessed, hola and "hello" are basically the same word. For example, you might use ¿Cómo está? English Translation. Formal forms. The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is similar to the English “How’s it going?” It’s slightly more casual and slangy than the basic ¿Cómo estás? Andar is a regular -ar verb, so its other conjugations are: You can respond to this in the same way you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? In our everyday encounters with other people, we use these phrases over and over. Of course, if you’re in a formal situation or talking to more than one person, you’ll want to substitute tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate. Ko-Mo Eh-Sta U-Stead This is a more formal way of asking how are you in Spanish. The pronoun usted refers to a singular “you” in a formal situation. If you’d like to say “Hi, how are you?” in Spanish, you can use “*Hola, ¿cómo estás?” (informal/singular).If you are greeting someone in a more formal setting, you’ll want to use “Hola, ¿cómo está?” (formal/singular).If you are talking to multiple people, you’d say “Hola, ¿cómo están? If someone asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? This is the right construction to use when you speak to the extended family of Spanish-speaking friends or partners, for example, or when you want to make a good impression on your boss at a cocktail party. There are tons of ways to greet and be greeted in Spanish—it’s a good idea to know more than one.