Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Related Plants. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. For comments, suggestions or to report errors: firstname.lastname@example.org, Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. Ecosystems. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. Nursery Availability Mowing spartina repeatedly also has reduced larger infestations. Spartina glabra var. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Species. Spartina anglica. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Spartina alterniflora var. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. common cordgrass. ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). Summary of Invasiveness. on. Yes. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. var. Other scientific names. (Gramineae). P.M. Peterson & Saarela Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. var. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. off. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Scientific Name. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. pilosa (Merr.) Habitat. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Location Status Classification. Once established, controlling and managing cordgrass is extremely difficult and expensive. Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta. Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. – cordgrass. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Search. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. [web application]. any name or code. Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). (No picture) Common names. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Find records where . Higher taxon. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. No. … is similar to:...Add additional search terms. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. glabra (Muhl. scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" ... Searching For: scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" Refine Search: Hide. 1916. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass. Species. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. Natural range. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Common Names. Copyright 2012-2020. smooth cordgrass. Subordinate Taxa. Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. Inspired by colorful Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, Spartina 449 is carried in more than 1,500 specialty retail and boutique shops nationwide and abroad. Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Spartina alterniflora. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. By 2017, the width of S. alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. 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